Data Science Fundamentals: Regression

Data Science is very complementary to Business Intelligence, in that they are both used to gain insights from data. While Business Intelligence, generally speaking, is more about answering known questions, Data Science is more about discovery and providing information for previously unknown questions.

This is a continuation of a series of Data Science Fundamentals posts that I will be doing over the next few weeks.  In this post, I will be covering Regression and will include an example to make it more meaningful.  Previous posts covered Classification and Clustering. Upcoming posts over the next few days will cover Matching, and other data science fundamental concepts.

Regression analysis is a predictive modeling technique which investigates the relationship between a dependent or target variable and one or more independent or predictor variables. regressionIt can be used to predict the value of a variable and the class the variable belongs to and identifies the strength of the relationships and the strength of impact between the variables.  There are many variations of regression with linear and logistic regression being the most commons methods used.  The various regression methods will be explored at a later point in time.

An example of how Regression can be used is, you may identify products similar to a given product, that is, products that are in the same class or category as your subject product. Then review the historical performance of those similar products under certain promotions, and use that to estimate/predict how well the subject product will perform under similar promotions.

Another example is, you may use the classification of a customer or prospect to estimate/predict how much that customer/prospect is likely to spend on your products and services each year.

Classification determines the group/class of an entity, whereas Regression determines where on the spectrum (expressed as a numerical value) of that class the entity falls.  An example using a hotel customer – Classification: Elite Customer; Regression: 200 nights per year (on a scale of 100-366 nights per year)  or  top 10% of customers.


One Response to Data Science Fundamentals: Regression

  1. Pingback: Data Science Fundamentals: Matching | Business Intelligence - technology, solutions, and resources

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